Identification and genomic characterization of grapevine Kizil Sapak virus, a novel grapevine-infecting member of the family Betaflexiviridae
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A novel virus with a (+) single-stranded RNA genome was detected by high-throughput sequencing (HTS) in a sample of grapevine (Vitis vinifera) cv. Kizil Sapak (sample/isolate 127) that originated from Turkmenistan. The complete genome of the virus, tentatively named "grapevine Kizil Sapak virus" (GKSV), is 7,604 nucleotides in length, excluding the poly(A) tail. The genome organization of GKSV, encoded genes, and sequence domains are typical for members of the family Betaflexiviridae, specifically those belonging to the subfamily Trivirinae. Phylogenetic analysis placed GKSV within the subfamily Trivirinae, in the same clade as fig latent virus 1 (FLV-1) but distinct from the clades formed by members of other genera. A comparative analysis of GKSV-127 with the HTS-derived sequences obtained from two additional isolates showed that they are genetic variants of the same virus species. Based on current ICTV species and genus demarcation criteria, and the results of the sequence and phylogenetic analyses, we propose that GKSV and FLV-1 represent a new genus within the subfamily Trivirinae.
author list (cited authors)
Rwahnih, M. A., Alabi, O. J., Hwang, M. S., Stevens, K., & Golino, D.