Besov class via heat semigroup on Dirichlet spaces III: BV functions and sub-Gaussian heat kernel estimates Academic Article uri icon


  • With a view toward fractal spaces, by using a Korevaar-Schoen space approach, we introduce the class of bounded variation (BV) functions in a general framework of strongly local Dirichlet spaces with a heat kernel satisfying sub-Gaussian estimates. Under a weak Bakry-'Emery curvature type condition, which is new in this setting, this BV class is identified with a heat semigroup based Besov class. As a consequence of this identification, properties of BV functions and associated BV measures are studied in detail. In particular, we prove co-area formulas, global $L^1$ Sobolev embeddings and isoperimetric inequalities. It is shown that for nested fractals or their direct products the BV class we define is dense in $L^1$. The examples of the unbounded Vicsek set, unbounded Sierpinski gasket and unbounded Sierpinski carpet are discussed.

author list (cited authors)

  • Alonso-Ruiz, P., Baudoin, F., Chen, L. i., Rogers, L., Shanmugalingam, N., & Teplyaev, A.

complete list of authors

  • Alonso-Ruiz, Patricia||Baudoin, Fabrice||Chen, Li||Rogers, Luke||Shanmugalingam, Nageswari||Teplyaev, Alexander

publication date

  • March 2019