Is there a relationship between dental crowding and the size of the maxillary or mandibular apical base? Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether apical base size is related to dental crowding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Digital scans of dental casts were taken of 75 untreated Class I adults to measure maxillary and mandibular tooth size, dental arch perimeters, intermolar widths, and intercanine widths. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were used to measure the apical base of the maxilla and mandible, including the total cross-sectional area, five basal arch perimeters and five basal arch widths. Principal components factor analyses were performed to evaluate the relationships between the apical base size and tooth-size-arch-length discrepancies (TSALD). RESULTS: The dental arch and maxillary apical base measures were significantly larger in males than females. There were only limited sex differences in mandibular apical base size. The dental arch measurements were smaller in subjects with greater upper and lower TSALD. Maxillary and mandibular apical base dimensions were positively interrelated. Low-to-moderate correlations were found between the size of the maxillary apical base and TSALD. The size of the mandibular apical base was not related to upper or lower TSALD. Tooth size showed little to no relationship with TSALD. CONCLUSIONS: Although maxillary apical base size is related to maxillary and mandibular crowding in subjects with Class I malocclusion, mandibular apical base size is not.

published proceedings

  • Angle Orthod

author list (cited authors)

  • Crossley, A. M., Campbell, P. M., Tadlock, L. P., Schneiderman, E., & Buschang, P. H.

citation count

  • 6

publication date

  • March 2020