Near-infrared Spectroscopy of Galaxies During Reionization: Measuring C III] in a Galaxy at z=7.5 Academic Article uri icon


  • 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. We present Keck/MOSFIRE H-band spectroscopy targeting C iii] 1907, 1909 in a z =7.5056 galaxy previously identified via Ly emission. We detect strong line emission at with a line flux of (2.63 +0.52) 10-18 erg s-1 cm-2. We tentatively identify this line as [C iii] 1907, but we are unable to detect C iii] 1909 owing to sky emission at the expected location. This gives a galaxy systemic redshift, , with a velocity offset to Ly of =88 +27 km s-1. The ratio of combined C iii]/Ly is 0.30-0.45, one of the highest values measured for any z >2 galaxy. We do not detect Si iii] 1883, 1892, and place an upper limit on Si iii]/C iii] <0.35 (2). Comparing our results to photoionization models, the C iii] equivalent width (W C iii] =16.23 +2.32), low Si iii]/C iii] ratio, and high implied [O iii] equivalent width (from the Spitzer/IRAC [3.6]-[4.5] 0.8 mag color) require subsolar metallicities (Z 0.1-0.2 Z o) and a high ionization parameter, log U-1.5. These results favor models that produce higher ionization, such as the bpass models for the photospheres of high-mass stars, and that include both binary stellar populations and/or an IMF that extends to 300 Mo. The combined C iii] equivalent width and [3.6]-[4.5] color are more consistent with ionization from young stars than active galactic nuclei (AGNs); however, we cannot rule out ionization from a combination of an AGN and young stars. We make predictions for James Webb Space Telescope spectroscopy using these different models, which will ultimately test the nature of the ionizing radiation in this source.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 23.7

author list (cited authors)

  • Hutchison, T. A., Papovich, C., Finkelstein, S. L., Dickinson, M., Jung, I., Zitrin, A., ... Tilvi, V.

citation count

  • 51

complete list of authors

  • Hutchison, Taylor A||Papovich, Casey||Finkelstein, Steven L||Dickinson, Mark||Jung, Intae||Zitrin, Adi||Ellis, Richard||Malhotra, Sangeeta||Rhoads, James||Roberts-Borsani, Guido||Song, Mimi||Tilvi, Vithal

publication date

  • July 2019