Secretin/secretin receptor signaling mediates biliary damage and liver fibrosis in early‐stage primary biliary cholangitis
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Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) primarily targets cholangiocytes and is characterized by liver fibrosis and biliary proliferation. Activation of the secretin (Sct)/secretin receptor (SR) axis, expressed only by cholangiocytes, increases biliary proliferation, liver fibrosis, and bicarbonate secretion. We evaluated the effectiveness of SR antagonist treatment for early-stage PBC. Male and female dominant-negative TGF-β receptor II (dnTGF-βRII) (model of PBC) and wild-type mice at 12 wk of age were treated with saline or the SR antagonist, Sec 5-27, for 1 wk. dnTGF-βRII mice expressed features of early-stage PBC along with enhanced Sct/SR axis activation and Sct secretion. dnTGF-βRII mice had increased biliary proliferation or senescence, inflammation, and liver fibrosis. In dnTGF-βRII mice, there was increased microRNA-125b/TGF-β1/TGF-β receptor 1/VEGF-A signaling. Human early-stage PBC patients had an increase in hepatobiliary Sct and SR expression and serum Sct levels. Increased biliary Sct/SR signaling promotes biliary and hepatic damage during early-stage PBC.-Kennedy, L., Francis, H., Invernizzi, P., Venter, J., Wu, N., Carbone, M., Gershwin, M. E., Bernuzzi, F., Franchitto, A., Alvaro, D., Marzioni, M., Onori, P., Gaudio, E., Sybenga, A., Fabris, L., Meng, F., Glaser, S., Alpini, G. Secretin/secretin receptor signaling mediates biliary damage and liver fibrosis in early-stage primary biliary cholangitis.
author list (cited authors)
Kennedy, L., Francis, H., Invernizzi, P., Venter, J., Wu, N., Carbone, M., ... Alpini, G.