Dysregulation of the HPA Axis in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Academic Article uri icon


  • A wide array of physiologic mechanisms has been proposed to explain the symptomatology and pathogenesis of chronic fatigue syndrome. One consistent finding points to potential disruptions of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning concomitant with hypocortisolism. While there are divergent theories, evidence has been found for a possible lack of responsiveness on the part of the HPA axis to challenge, a pattern of glucocorticoid resistance, and disruption or dysregulation of the expected diurnal cortisol pattern among patients with CFS. Some authors offer that CFS is the result of a maladaptive stress response, one that is under the influence of genetic variance or epigenetic influences. Recent research demonstrates a lack of messenger RNA encoding for the glucocorticoid receptor, with evidence pointing toward histone deacetylases. The intent of this review is to highlight these findings supporting dysregulation of the HPA axis in CFS. © 2013 - IOS Press.

published proceedings

  • Advances in Neuroimmune Biology

author list (cited authors)

  • Sorenson, M. R., & Jason, L

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Sorenson, Matthew R||Jason, Leonard

publication date

  • January 2013