Physical Modeling of Sheet Flow on Rough Impervious Surfaces
Additional Document Info
This paper presents results from an extensive experimental study of sheet flow on rough impervious surfaces that are used to represent highway pavement. Experiments were performed on three surfaces under no-rainfall and simulated rainfall conditions, and with slopes of 1, 2, and 3%. Measurements include flow depth and unit discharge. Turbulent boundary layer theory for a rough surface is used to describe the depth-discharge relationship, resulting in a model with a single parameter directly related to the surface roughness. Comparisons are made with Manning's equation, and the variability of the Manning coefficient is assessed. Hydraulic effects of rainfall are generally found to be small compared to other factors. 2009 ASCE.