Vertical conduction mechanism of the epitaxial graphene/n-type 4H-SiC heterojunction at cryogenic temperatures
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Vertical diodes of epitaxial graphene on n - 4H-SiC were investigated. The graphene Raman spectra exhibited a higher intensity in the G-line than the 2D-line, indicative of a few-layer graphene film. Rectifying properties improved at low temperatures as the reverse leakage decreased over six orders of magnitude without freeze-out in either material. Carrier concentration of ∼10 16 cm -3 in the SiC remained stable down to 15 K, while accumulation charge decreased and depletion width increased in forward bias. The low barrier height of 0.08 eV and absence of recombination-induced emission indicated majority carrier field emission as the dominant conduction mechanism. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.
author list (cited authors)
Tadjer, M. J., Anderson, T. J., Hobart, K. D., Nyakiti, L. O., Wheeler, V. D., Myers-Ward, R. L., ... Calle, F.