Vulnerable Populations Exposed to Lead-Contaminated Drinking Water within Houston Ship Channel Communities. Academic Article uri icon


  • Recent events have drawn increased attention to potential lead exposures from contaminated drinking water. Further, homes with older infrastructure are at greatest risk due to the presence of the disinfectant chemical chloramine, which can leach lead from older pipes. There is a growing need to determine the extent of lead leaching especially within vulnerable communities and homes with children. This pilot study collected survey data and performed lead analysis on drinking water in the small community of Manchester in Houston, TX. Manchester is characterized by industrial sites, flooding, and a low socioeconomic population. Surveys and water analyses were completed on randomly selected homes (N = 13) and documented perceptions of participants on their drinking water regarding presence and concentration of lead. Lead was discovered in 30.8% of homes ranging from 0.6 to 2.4 (g/L), all below the US Environmental Protection Agency action level of 15 ppb, but above the water standard goals. These findings further suggest that contaminated water is a broad issue requiring concerted efforts to ensure the health of US residents.

published proceedings

  • Int J Environ Res Public Health

altmetric score

  • 9

author list (cited authors)

  • Sansom, G., Cizmas, L., Aarvig, K., Dixon, B., Kirsch, K. R., Katare, A., & Sansom, L.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Sansom, Garett||Cizmas, Leslie||Aarvig, Kathleen||Dixon, Benika||Kirsch, Katie R||Katare, Anjali||Sansom, Lindsay

publication date

  • August 2019