Field investigation of siltation at a tidal harbor: North Port of Incheon, Korea
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2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. To understand siltation processes within the North Port of Incheon, Korea, this study estimated the sedimentation rate and then determined the dominant mechanisms for the siltation. The sedimentation rate was estimated by comparing bathymetric surveys adjusted with the dredged volume, and verified by the penetration depth of 11 gravity cores to the previous dredging surface. The average sedimentation rate was 64cm/year but varied from 10cm/year in the interior to about 100cm/year at the entrance. To determine the dominant mechanisms for siltation, two ADCPs were deployed at the entrance and the interior end of the harbor over a month to estimate sediment flux. Detailed sediment transport processes were examined by two 13-h CTD profiling surveys near the entrance and interior end of the harbor. High siltation at the entrance is attributable to the influx of high turbidity water, the decrease of current velocity, and the formation of an eddy. Low sedimentation inside the harbor was attained by the slow settling of microflocs of about 2030mg/l concentration that are maintained regardless of time and space.