Effect of artificial vagina lubricants on stallion sperm quality
- Additional Document Info
- View All
Commercially available vaginal lubricants, typically labeled as non-spermicidal, are used to lubricate equine artificial vaginas prior to semen collection. Improper type or amount of lubricant might affect stallion sperm quality, either after short-time exposure or following cooled storage of extended semen previously exposed to lubricant. The aim of this study was to evaluate stallion sperm quality following exposure to lubricant-containing extender for 1 h (T1h) or 24 h (T24h). Three ejaculates were collected from each of four stallions using a small volume of petrolatum to lubricate artificial vaginas, and gel-free semen was diluted to 30 × 106 sperm/mL in extender containing: no lubricant (control), or 1 or 5% (v/v) HR® Lubricating Jelly (HR1 or HR5); K-Y® Jelly (KY1 or KY5); Therio-gel® (TG1 or TG5); Priority Care® Sterile Lubricating Jelly (PC1 or PC5); or Clarity® A.I. Lubricating Jelly (CL1 or CL5). Sperm were evaluated at T1h and T24h for percentages of: total and progressive sperm motility (TMOT and PMOT); curvilinear velocity (VCL; μm/s); and straightness (STR; %); viable acrosome intact sperm (VAI); sperm with abnormal DNA (COMP-αt); viable lipid peroxidation negative sperm (VLPN); and sperm with no detectable DNA oxidative injury [8OHdG(-)]. Following short-term exposure of sperm to lubricants, KY5 reduced TMOT, PMOT, VCL, VAI, VLPN, and COMP-αt in comparison with controls (i.e., P < 0.05). PC5 reduced TMOT, PMOT, VCL, VAI, and 8OHdG(-), and KY1 reduced TMOT, VAI, VLPN in comparison to controls (P < 0.05). Lubricant CL1, HR1 and HR5 yielded similar values to controls for all 8 endpoints, and CL5 yielded similar values to controls for all 8 endpoints (P > 0.05), except for VCL. Following long-term exposure, KY5 decreased TMOT, PMOT, VCL, VAI, VLPN, and COMP-αt as compared to controls (i.e., P < 0.05), PC5 decreased TMOT, VCL, VAI, and 8OHdG(-)as compared to controls in PC5, and KY1 decreased TMOT, VAI, VLPN, and COMP-αt (P < 0.05). TG5 decreased TMOT, PMOT, and VCL as compared to controls (P < 0.05). Lubricant CL5 decreased VCL (P < 0.05), and CL1, HR5, HR1, PC1, and TG1 were similar to controls for all 8 endpoints (P > 0.05). Overall, lubricant KY was the most detrimental to sperm quality, with most profound changes detected at a 5% concentration. Lubricants CL and HR were generally similar to controls and were less affected by lubricant concentration.
author list (cited authors)
Serafini, R., Ghosh, S., Love, C. C., Medrano, J., Teague, S. R., LaCaze, K. A., & Varner, D. D.