Are health care providers making the most of patient encounters to promote HPV vaccination among cigarette smokers?
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OBJECTIVE: To examine providers' HPV vaccine communication among adult cigarette smokers with household members aged ≤26 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used 2017 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS 5, Cycle 1; N = 3191) data to derive a subsample (n = 725/3191; 22.7%) of adults with household members aged ≤26 years. Forward stepwise multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to examine providers' HPV vaccine communication, adjusting for patients' smoking status (main independent variable); HPV awareness and knowledge; HPV vaccine awareness and beliefs; and sociodemographic characteristics that contribute to disparities in HPV vaccine coverage. RESULTS: Current/former smokers (35.0%) had lower HPV-related awareness/knowledge than nonsmokers (65%). Few reported providers discussed (27.4%) or recommended (24.0%) HPV vaccine. Non-Hispanic Whites who knew HPV was a sexually transmitted disease and heard of HPV vaccine were 2-6 times more likely to report provider HPV vaccine communication. Provider HPV vaccine communication differences by smoking status were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Providers' HPV vaccine communication was higher among adults who had higher HPV-related awareness/knowledge. Although active/passive exposure to cigarette smoke increases cervical cancer risk, providers' HPV vaccine communication was not increased for current/former smokers. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Current/former smokers' HPV-related awareness/knowledge and providers' HPV vaccine communication need to be increased.
author list (cited authors)
Wigfall, L. T., Sherman, L. D., Garney, W. R., Patterson, M. S., Montiel Ishino, F. A., & Vadaparampil, S. T.