Exchange unknown quantum states with almost invisible photons. Academic Article uri icon


  • We propose a quasi-counterfactual quantum swap gate for exchanging Alice's unknown photon state and Bob's unknown atomic state under the condition that only Alice's photon may appear in the transmission channel between Alice and Bob, while the probability of the existence of photon in the transmission channel is controllable and can tend to zero. Unlike standard counterfactual quantum communication protocols, quantum states exchange in present scenario is achieved by multiple phase operations, rather than multiple measurements. The total effect of those operations can be considered as a unitary time evolution operator. Therefore, the communication fidelity and efficiency of our protocol are always one if system imperfection and channel noise are not considered. Compared to standard counterfactual communication protocols, our protocol is easy to implement. We also show that it can be easily converted to a standard counterfactual one.

published proceedings

  • Opt Express

author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, L., Li, Z., Xu, J., Yang, Y., Al-Amri, M., & Zubairy, M. S.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Wang, Luojia||Li, Zheng-Hong||Xu, Jingping||Yang, Yaping||Al-Amri, M||Zubairy, M Suhail

publication date

  • July 2019