Perspective: service-based business models to incentivize the efficient use of pesticides in crop protection. Academic Article uri icon


  • Several problems limit the productivity and acceptance of crop protection, including pesticide overuse, pesticide resistance, poor adoption of integrated pest management (IPM), declining funding for research and extension, and inefficiencies of scale. We discuss the proposition that alternative business models for crop protection can address these problems by incentivizing and benefiting from efficiency of pesticide use. Currently, business models are not linked to the adoption of IPM and are sometimes at odds with IPM practices. We explore a business model based on the provision of pest management adequacy through services rather than the sale of pesticide products. Specifically, we advocate for establishment of crop protection adequacy standards that would allow a market system to maximize efficiency. Changing some of the relationships between agricultural companies and producers from one based on products to one based on services is an idea worthy of debate and evaluation for improving the efficiency of pest management. Contemporary information technology enhancing monitoring and coordination warrants attention in this debate. 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

published proceedings

  • Pest Manag Sci

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Chappell, T. M., Magarey, R. D., Kurtz, R. W., Trexler, C. M., Pallipparambil, G. R., & Hain, E. F.

citation count

  • 7

publication date

  • January 2019