Metabolic hormone secretion and FSH-induced superovulatory responses of beef heifers fed dietary fat supplements containing predominantly saturated or polyunsaturated fatty acids. Academic Article uri icon


  • Ovulatory responses following FSH treatment were examined in beef heifers fed dietary fat supplements expected to produce differential effects on serum insulin concentrations and follicular recruitment patterns. Twenty-one heifers (n = 7/group) exhibiting regular estrous cycles were assigned randomly to either a control diet or to 1 of 2 fat-supplemented diets consisting of soybean oil (polyunsaturated fatty acids) or animal tallow (saturated fatty acids). The diets were formulated to be isoenergetic and isonitrogenous, and were fed until ovariectomy between experimental Days 35 and 45. Experimental Day 1 was defined for each heifer as the first day all of the treatment diet was consumed. After 20 d of diet consumption, estrous cycles were synchronized with prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), and ovarian follicle populations were monitored via transrectal ultrasound for 4 d. Four days after estrus, the dominant follicle was aspirated and heifers were treated with FSH-P to induce superovulation. Ovulation rate was determined at ovariectomy 5 d after the superovulatory estrus (experimental Days 35 to 45). Both soybean oil and animal tallow diets increased (P < 0.05) the number of medium-sized follicles and increased (P < 0.02) serum concentrations of GH relative to the control diet. The soybean oil diet also increased (P < 0.001) serum concentrations of insulin on Days 14, 28, and 5 d after the superovulatory estrus. However, the number of ovulations following FSH treatment did not differ due to diet. Procedures employed in the current study were ineffective in recruiting the increased number of medium-sized follicles into the superovulatory pool.

published proceedings

  • Theriogenology

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Thomas, M. G., & Williams, G. L.

citation count

  • 29

complete list of authors

  • Thomas, MG||Williams, GL

publication date

  • January 1996