Multiple Fano interferences due to waveguide-mediated phase coupling between atoms
Additional Document Info
2019 American Physical Society. We examine quantum interference effects due to absorption and emission from multiple atoms coupled to a waveguide and highlight the modifications they entail with regard to single-photon transport properties. A prominent upshot of these interference phenomena is the resonant suppression of the reflection amplitude, which leads to the observation of multiple Fano minima in the reflection spectrum. Such minima determine the points at which transparency is induced in the system. By taking recourse to the real-space Hamiltonian framework, we calculate analytically the reflectivity and transmissivity for a one-dimensional waveguide that evanescently couples to a chain of equally spaced quantum emitters. The interemitter spacing relative to the wavelength of the propagating photon, leading to a waveguide-mediated "phase coupling" between the atoms, is found to fundamentally affect the existence of Fano minima. For a chain of N atoms, the number of minima can be at most N-1. However, suitable choices of the phase can suppress the discernibility of the full range of roots in the reflection spectrum. A principal observation for the case of multiple emitters is the emergence of super-Gaussian characteristics close to zero detuning and, consequently, a plateau-shaped broadband spectrum in the region of high reflectivity. For a large chain size, the plateau gets transformed into a flat-topped quasirectangular profile in the frequency domain.