Flexural strength of denture base acrylic resins processed by conventional and CAD-CAM methods.
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STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: High flexural strength is one of the desirable properties for denture base resins, yet only few studies have evaluated the physical properties of newer denture bases such as computer-aided design and computer aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) milled products. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the flexural strength of 3 different types of denture base resins: compression molded, injection molded, and CAD-CAM milled. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three groups (n=10) of acrylic denture base resins were tested: injection molded, compression molded, and CAD-CAM milled resin. ISO-compliant, rectangular specimens were fabricated (64×10×3.3 mm) (n=30). Specimens were stored in water for 1 week, and flexural strength was measured by using a 3-point bend test until failure. The Student t test was used to evaluate differences in the flexural strength and modulus of elasticity among specimen groups. The Bonferroni formula was used to set significance at α=.017 to account for multiple comparisons among the 3 groups. RESULTS: The flexural strength of the CAD-CAM milled group was significantly higher than that of the other 2 groups (P<.001), while the strength of the compression molded group was significantly greater than that of the injection molded group (P<.001). The flexural modulus of the CAD-CAM group was significantly higher than that of the other 2 groups (P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: CAD-CAM milled denture bases may be a useful alternative to conventionally processed denture bases in situations where increased resistance to flexural strength is needed.
author list (cited authors)
Aguirre, B. C., Chen, J., Kontogiorgos, E. D., Murchison, D. F., & Nagy, W. W
complete list of authors
Aguirre, Brian C||Chen, Jenn-Hwan||Kontogiorgos, Elias D||Murchison, David F||Nagy, William W