Supplemental antibiotics in a commercial extender for stallion semen
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Commonly marketed semen extenders contain various antibiotic types and concentrations to control bacterial growth from stallion's external genitalia. An experiment was conducted to test the effects of supplemental amikacin disulfate (1,000 μg/mL) + potassium penicillin G (1,000 IU/ML: INRA-AP), or ticarcillin-clavulanate (1,000 μg/mL: INRA-TIM) in the INRA 96 extender, on sperm function and antimicrobial activity, compared with extender without supplemental antibiotics (INRA-C). In freshly extended semen (Time 30m), no differences were observed among the three treatment groups for sperm motion characteristics or plasma membrane intactness (P > .05). Following cooled storage (Time 24h), sperm progressive motility and straightness were higher in INRA-AP, as compared to INRA-C or INRA-TIM (P < .05). For both time points, INRA-AP yielded lower bacterial colony-forming units (CFU/mL) than INRA-TIM or INRA-C (P < .05). In addition, INRA-AP yielded a higher proportion of culture plates with no growth (59%), than INRA-TIM (14%) or INRA-C (22%; P < .05). These findings suggest that INRA 96 extender can be supplemented with the tested concentrations of amikacin disulfate + potassium penicillin G to improve its antimicrobial effectiveness without impairing sperm quality.
author list (cited authors)
Hernández-Avilés, C., Love, C. C., Serafini, R., Teague, S. R., & Varner, D. D.