Continuous administration of low-dose GnRH in mares II. Pituitary and ovarian responses to uninterrupted treatment beginning near the autumnal equinox and continuing throughout the anovulatory season. Academic Article uri icon


  • We tested the hypothesis that continuous subcutaneous treatment with low-dose GnRH, administered to mares from late September/early October through March, would prevent the development of seasonal anovulation. Quarter Horse mares (n=20) were stratified by age and body condition score and assigned randomly to either a saline control (n=9) or a GnRH (n=11) treatment group. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone was delivered continuously via osmotic minipumps, with sham pumps placed in control mares. Initial pumps were inserted on Day 3 following ovulation or during the follicular phase if the next anticipated ovulation did not occur by 9 October. Delivery rate of GnRH was 2.5 microg/h (60 microg/day) for the first 60 days, followed by 5.0 microg/h (120 microg/day) thereafter. Pumps were replaced every 30 days. Eighty and 100% of all mares had become anovulatory by 1 November and 1 December, respectively, and remained anovulatory through the end of February. Neither serum concentrations of LH throughout the study nor total releasable pools of LH in March differed between groups. Although control mares that exhibited ovulatory cycles after study onset had greater (P<0.05) mean concentrations of LH during the follicular phase and metestrus compared to GnRH-treated mares, neither size of ovulatory follicles nor interovulatory intervals differed between groups. Serum concentrations of FSH were not affected by treatment, but were lowest (P<0.05) from November through January. Continuous infusion of low-dose GnRH, beginning soon after autumnal equinox and continuing until just after vernal equinox, failed to prevent the occurrence of or to hasten transition from seasonal anovulation.

published proceedings

  • Theriogenology

author list (cited authors)

  • Collins, S. M., Zieba, D. A., & Williams, G. L.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Collins, SM||Zieba, DA||Williams, GL

publication date

  • September 2007