n403931SE Academic Article uri icon


  • Despite the potential of C3H6/C3H8 separation, there have been no industrial applications of zeolitic-imidazole framework-8 (ZIF-8) mixed-matrix membranes (MMMs) because of the moderate separation performances and several challenging processing issues. Herein, we present a new paradigm of MMM fabrication, named polymer-modification-enabled in situ metal-organic framework formation (PMMOF), enabling in situ formation of ZIF-8 fillers inside the 4,4-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)diphthalic anhydride 2,4,6-trimethyl-1,3-phenylenediamine polymer. PMMOF consists of four steps including hydrolysis of a polymer, ion-exchange, ligand treatment, and imidization. Each step was thoroughly analyzed and important processing parameters were identified, enabling the structural control of MMMs by PMMOF. The binary C3H6/C3H8 separation performance of the MMMs showed much higher separation factors than conventionally prepared MMMs at similar filler loadings, satisfying the commercial C3H6/C3H8 separation performance criteria. PMMOF was successfully applied for other MOFs, demonstrating that the process could be general. Finally, as a proof of concept, asymmetric mixed-matrix hollow fiber membranes (i.d. of 0.45 mm and o.d. of 0.63 mm) with ultrathin selective skin layers were prepared by PMMOF, showing C3H6 permeance of 2.17 GPU and C3H6/C3H8 separation factor of 20.

published proceedings

  • ACS Appl Mater Interfaces

author list (cited authors)

  • Park, S., Abdul Hamid, M. R., & Jeong, H.

publication date

  • January 1, 2019 11:11 AM