How Do Stakeholders Perceive Barriers to Large-Scale Wind Power Diffusion? A Q-Method Case Study from Ceara State, Brazil Academic Article uri icon


  • High penetration of renewable power requires technical, organizational, and political changes. We use Q-method, a qualitativequantitative technique, to identify and analyze views held by key actors on challenges for large-scale diffusion of wind power in Cear State, Brazil, an early leader in wind power with 2.05 GW installed capacity. Four quantitatively determined social perspectives were identified with regard to views on challenges for wind power expansion: (1) failing because of the grid; (2) environmental challenges; (3) planning for wind, and (4) participating in wind. Each social perspective emphasizes a different array of barriers, such as cost of new transmission lines, transformation of a hydro-thermal mental model, predictive capacity for wind energy, and the need for participatory forum. Understanding the subjective views of stakeholders is a key first step in eventually reducing these barriers to renewable power penetration through diverse policy interventions.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Frate, C. A., & Brannstrom, C.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Frate, Claudio Albuquerque||Brannstrom, Christian

publication date

  • January 2019