Biodisposition of PEG-coated lipid microspheres of indomethacin in arthritic rats Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Conventional lipid microspheres (LM) were prepared using soybean oil and lipid at a 5.5:1 weight ratio with lipid phase consisting of PC (phosphatidyl choline):CH (cholesterol) (1:0.5) by molar ratio. The average diameter of the particles was 150 nm. Long-circulating microspheres (S-LM) were also prepared similarly but the lipid phase consisted of PC:CH:DSPE-PEG (phosphatidyl choline:cholesterol:distearoyl phosphatidyl ethanolamine-polyethylene glycol) 1:0.5:0.16 by molar ratio. A comparative biodistribution study was conducted between free indomethacin and lipo-indomethacin (LM and S-LM) in the arthritic rats by administering the formulations at a dose equivalent to 12 mg of indomethacin/kg. It was observed that the free drug as well as the encapsulated drug followed biphasic clearance from the blood. Pharmacokinetic parameters, such as AUC(0-t), terminal half-life, MRT increased significantly when the drug was used in encapsulated form (p < 0.05). Clearance of the drug was reduced 1.4 times with the conventional lipid microspheres and was reduced three-fold when encapsulated in polyethylene glycol-coated lipid microspheres. The overall drug targeting efficiency (T(e)) with the PEG-coated lipid microspheres was 7.5-fold higher than the conventional lipid microspheres. The high accumulation of the drug in arthritic paw with S-LM system may be accounted for by the reduced uptake by RES cells, and thereby, availability for extravascularization in the inflammatory tissues.

author list (cited authors)

  • Palakurthi, S., Vyas, S. P., & Diwan, P. V.

citation count

  • 25

publication date

  • January 2005