Biodistribution of Liposomes of Terbutaline Sulfate in Guinea Pigs
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A series of liposomes was prepared with various lipid (egg phosphatidyl choline [egg PC], phosphatidyl glycerol [PG], dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl choline [DPPC], distearoyl phosphatidyl choline [DSPC], dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl glycerol [DPPG], phosphatidyl ethanolamine [PE], cholesterol [CH], and stearylamine [SA]) compositions, such as egg PC:PG:CH (55:5:40), DPPC:PG:CH (55:5:40), DSPC:DSPG:CH (55:5:40) egg PC:SA:CH (55:5:40), DSPE:DSPG:CH (55:5:40) in molar ratio. Liposomal formulations were administered to guinea pigs intravenously; 3 hr after the treatment, serum samples and various organs (e.g., liver, spleen, lung) were removed and analyzed for drug concentration by a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. Based on the above study, a liposomal preparation with better lung specificity was selected, and the time profile of these liposomes was determined in guinea pigs. Three hours postadministration, a significant difference in blood levels was observed between free terbutaline sulfate and the various liposomal formulations. Localization of the drug in the lungs increased considerably when encapsulated drug was used, and the highest percentage localization was observed with DSPC:DSPG:CH (55:5:40) liposomes. The percentage recovery of the drug in the lungs with egg PC:CH:SA (55:40:5) liposomes did not change significantly when compared with egg PC:CH:PG (55:40:5) liposomes. To establish the time course of disposition of the liposomes, DSPC:DSPG:CH (55:5:40) liposomes were selected. Terminal half-life t1/2 of the drug in blood with free drug solution was about 12 hr, whereas with liposomes, a twofold increase in t1/2 was observed. The disposition data indicated that the clearance of the drug was delayed by 1.5 times when incorporated into liposomes.
author list (cited authors)
Palakurthi, S., Govardhanachary, M., Vyas, S. P., & Diwan, P. V.