Control of dark and anti-dark solitons in the (2+1)-dimensional coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations with perturbed dispersion and nonlinearity in a nonlinear optical system
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© 2019, Springer Nature B.V. In this paper, we investigate the (2+1)-dimensional coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations with perturbed dispersion and nonlinearity, which govern the transverse effects in a nonlinear optical system. Using symbolic calculation, the vector one- and two-soliton solutions are obtained via the Hirota method. By choosing the perturbation α(t) of the dispersion rate of soliton transmission as different functions, we observe different dark and anti-dark soliton structures. Among other, the parabolic dark soliton, m-shaped and w-shaped anti-dark solitons, two kinds of s-shaped anti-dark solitons with different curvatures and an anti-dark soliton with a peak are displayed. Moreover, the effects of other free parameters on the phase shift and pulse width, and collision of solitons are discussed. These results are of potential significance for the study of ultrashort pulse lasers and optical logic switches.
author list (cited authors)
Yu, W., Liu, W., Triki, H., Zhou, Q., Biswas, A., & Belić, M. R.