Optimization of dilution ventilation layout design in confined environments using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Academic Article uri icon


  • 2019 Elsevier Ltd Dilution ventilation systems have been widely used to control the airborne toxic and explosive material in confined spaces. Layout design of dilution ventilation is critical to industrial hygiene control and ventilation efficiency. A properly designed dilution ventilation system can significantly improve the safety of confined workshops and maintain a comfortable work condition. In this work, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)has been used to analyze the performance of dilution ventilation system in the confined workshop environment. Seven different ventilation layouts are proposed to evaluate ventilation performance of different installation layouts. Carbon monoxide (CO), which has the similar density as air, is selected as the sample contaminant to conduct steady-state CFD simulations. The simulation results of different layouts are examined and compared to get the optimal layout design for the best contaminant control. Results have shown that the layout with two opposite inlets has the highest ventilation efficiency among seven proposed layouts. This work can serve as a reference to increase dilution ventilation efficiency and minimize the energy cost in general confined areas.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Jiao, Z., Yuan, S., Ji, C., Mannan, M. S., & Wang, Q.

citation count

  • 32

complete list of authors

  • Jiao, Zeren||Yuan, Shuai||Ji, Chenxi||Mannan, M Sam||Wang, Qingsheng

publication date

  • July 2019