First Measurement of the Hubble Constant from a Dark Standard Siren using the Dark Energy Survey Galaxies and the LIGO/Virgo Binary-Black-hole Merger GW170814 Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Abstract We present a multi-messenger measurement of the Hubble constant H 0 using the binaryblack-hole merger GW170814 as a standard siren, combined with a photometric redshift catalog from the Dark Energy Survey (DES). The luminosity distance is obtained from the gravitational wave signal detected by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)/Virgo Collaboration (LVC) on 2017 August 14, and the redshift information is provided by the DES Year 3 data. Black hole mergers such as GW170814 are expected to lack bright electromagnetic emission to uniquely identify their host galaxies and build an object-by-object Hubble diagram. However, they are suitable for a statistical measurement, provided that a galaxy catalog of adequate depth and redshift completion is available. Here we present the first Hubble parameter measurement using a black hole merger. Our analysis results in m{s}}}^{-1},{mathrm{Mpc}}^{-1}$?> , which is consistent with both SN Ia and cosmic microwave background measurements of the Hubble constant. The quoted 68% credible region comprises 60% of the uniform prior range [20, 140] km s1 Mpc1, and it depends on the assumed prior range. If we take a broader prior of [10, 220] kms1Mpc1, we find m{s}}}^{-1},{mathrm{Mpc}}^{-1}$?> (57% of the prior range). Although a weak constraint on the Hubble constant from a single event is expected using the dark siren method, a multifold increase in the LVC event rate is anticipated in the coming years and combinations of many sirens will lead to improved constraints on H 0.

published proceedings

  • ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS

author list (cited authors)

  • Soares-Santos, M., Palmese, A., Hartley, W., Annis, J., Garcia-Bellido, J., Lahav, O., ... Zweizig, J.

complete list of authors

  • Soares-Santos, M||Palmese, A||Hartley, W||Annis, J||Garcia-Bellido, J||Lahav, O||Doctor, Z||Fishbach, M||Holz, DE||Lin, H||Pereira, MES||Garcia, A||Herner, K||Kessler, R||Peiris, HV||Sako, M||Allam, S||Brout, D||Carnero Rosell, A||Chen, HY||Conselice, C||deRose, J||deVicente, J||Diehl, HT||Gill, MSS||Gschwend, J||Sevilla-Noarbe, I||Tucker, DL||Wechsler, R||Berger, E||Cowperthwaite, PS||Metzger, BD||Williams, PKG||Abbott, TMC||Abdalla, FB||Avila, S||Bechtol, K||Bertin, E||Brooks, D||Buckley-Geer, E||Burke, DL||Kind, M Carrasco||Carretero, J||Castander, FJ||Crocce, M||Cunha, CE||D'Andrea, CB||da Costa, LN||Davis, C||Desai, S||Doel, P||Drlica-Wagner, A||Eifler, TF||Evrard, AE||Flaugher, B||Fosalba, P||Frieman, J||Gaztanaga, E||Gerdes, DW||Gruen, D||Gruendl, RA||Gutierrez, G||Hollowood, DL||Hoyle, B||James, DJ||Jeltema, T||Kuehn, K||Kuropatkin, N||Li, TS||Lima, M||Maia, MAG||Marshall, JL||Menanteau, F||Miquel, R||Neilsen, E||Ogando, RLC||Plazas, AA||Romer, AK||Roodman, A||Sanchez, E||Scarpine, V||Schindler, R||Schubnell, M||Serrano, S||Smith, M||Smith, RC||Sobreira, F||Suchyta, E||Swanson, MEC||Tarle, G||Thomas, RC||Walker, AR||Wester, W||Zuntz, J||Abbott, BP||Abbott, R||Abbott, TD||Abraham, S||Acernese, F||Ackley, K||Adams, C||Adhikari, RX||Adya, VB||Affeldt, C||Agathos, M||Agatsuma, K||Aggarwal, N||Aguiar, OD||Aiello, L||Ain, A||Ajith, P||Allen, G||Allocca, A||Aloy, MA||Altin, PA||Amato, A||Ananyeva, A||Anderson, SB||Anderson, WG||Angelova, SV||Appert, S||Arai, K||Araya, MC||Areeda, JS||Arene, M||Ascenzi, S||Ashton, G||Aston, SM||Astone, P||Aubin, F||Aufmuth, P||AultONeal, K||Austin, C||Avendano, V||Avila-Alvarez, A||Babak, S||Bacon, P||Badaracco, F||Bader, MKM||Bae, S||Baker, PT||Baldaccini, F||Ballardin, G||Ballmer, SW||Banagiri, S||Barayoga, JC||Barclay, SE||Barish, BC||Barker, D||Barkett, K||Barnum, S||Barone, F||Barr, B||Barsotti, L||Barsuglia, M||Barta, D||Bartlett, J||Bartos, I||Bassiri, R||Basti, A||Bawaj, M||Bayley, JC||Bazzan, M||Becsy, B||Bejger, M||Bell, AS||Beniwal, D||Bergmann, G||Bernuzzi, S||Bero, JJ||Berry, CPL||Bersanetti, D||Bertolini, A||Betzwieser, J||Bhandare, R||Bidler, J||Bilenko, IA||Bilgili, SA||Billingsley, G||Birch, J||Birney, R||Birnholtz, O||Biscans, S||Biscoveanu, S||Bisht, A||Bitossi, M||Blackburn, JK||Blair, CD||Blair, DG||Blair, RM||Bloemen, S||Bode, N||Boer, M||Boetzel, Y||Bogaert, G||Bondu, F||Bonilla, E||Bonnand, R||Booker, P||Boom, BA||Booth, CD||Bork, R||Boschi, V||Bose, S||Bossie, K||Bossilkov, V||Bosveld, J||Bouffanais, Y||Bozzi, A||Bradaschia, C||Brady, PR||Bramley, A||Branchesi, M||Brau, JE||Briant, T||Briggs, JH||Brighenti, F||Brillet, A||Brinkmann, M||Brockill, P||Brooks, AF||Brown, DD||Brunett, S||Buikema, A||Bulik, T||Bulten, HJ||Buonanno, A||Buskulic, D||Buy, C||Byer, RL||Cabero, M||Cadonati, L||Cagnoli, G||Cahillane, C||Bustillo, J Calderon||Callister, TA||Calloni, E||Camp, JB||Campbell, WA||Cannon, KC||Cao, H||Cao, J||Capocasa, E||Carbognani, F||Caride, S||Carney, MF||Carullo, G||Diaz, J Casanueva||Casentini, C||Caudill, S||Cavaglia, M||Cavalieri, R||Cella, G||Cerda-Duran, P||Cerretani, G||Cesarini, E||Chaibi, O||Chakravarti, K||Chamberlin, SJ||Chan, M||Chao, S||Charlton, P||Chase, EA||Chassande-Mottin, E||Chatterjee, D||Chaturvedi, M||Chatziioannou, K||Cheeseboro, BD||Chen, X||Chen, Y||Cheng, H-P||Cheong, CK||Chia, HY||Chincarini, A||Chiummo, A||Cho, G||Cho, HS||Cho, M||Christensen, N||Chu, Q||Chua, S||Chung, KW||Chung, S||Ciani, G||Ciobanu, AA||Ciolfi, R||Cipriano, F||Cirone, A||Clara, F||Clark, JA||Clearwater, P||Cleva, F||Cocchieri, C||Coccia, E||Colgan, R||Colleoni, M||Collette, CG||Collins, C||Cominsky, LR||Constancio Jr, M||Conti, L||Cooper, SJ||Corban, P||Corbitt, TR||Cordero-Carrion, I||Corley, KR||Cornish, N||Corsi, A||Cortese, S||Costa, CA||Cotesta, R||Coughlin, MW||Coughlin, SB||Coulon, J-P||Countryman, ST||Couvares, P||Covas, PB||Cowan, EE||Coward, DM||Cowart, MJ||Coyne, DC||Coyne, R||Creighton, JDE||Creighton, TD||Cripe, J||Croquette, M||Crowder, SG||Cullen, TJ||Cumming, A||Cunningham, L||Cuoco, E||Dal Canton, T||Dalya, G||D'Antonio, S||Danilishin, SL||Danzmann, K||Dasgupta, A||Costa, CF Da Silva||Datrier, LEH||Dattilo, V||Dave, I||Davis, D||Daw, EJ||DeBra, D||Deenadayalan, M||Degallaix, J||De Laurentis, M||Deleglise, S||Del Pozzo, W||DeMarchi, LM||Demos, N||Dent, T||De Pietri, R||Derby, J||De Rosa, R||De Rossi, C||DeSalvo, R||de Varona, O||Dhurandhar, S||Diaz, MC||Dietrich, T||Di Fiore, L||Di Giovanni, M||Di Girolamo, T||Di Lieto, A||Ding, B||Di Pace, S||Di Palma, I||Di Renzo, F||Dmitriev, A||Donovan, F||Dooley, KL||Doravari, S||Dorrington, I||Downes, TP||Drago, M||Driggers, JC||Du, Z||Dupej, P||Dwyer, SE||Easter, PJ||Edo, TB||Edwards, MC||Effler, A||Ehrens, P||Eichholz, J||Eikenberry, SS||Eisenmann, M||Eisenstein, RA||Estelles, H||Estevez, D||Etienne, ZB||Etzel, T||Evans, M||Evans, TM||Fafone, V||Fair, H||Fairhurst, S||Fan, X||Farinon, S||Farr, B||Farr, WM||Fauchon-Jones, EJ||Favata, M||Fays, M||Fazio, M||Fee, C||Feicht, J||Fejer, MM||Feng, F||Fernandez-Galiana, A||Ferrante, I||Ferreira, EC||Ferreira, TA||Ferrini, F||Fidecaro, F||Fiori, I||Fiorucci, D||Fisher, RP||Fishner, JM||Fitz-Axen, M||Flaminio, R||Fletcher, M||Flynn, E||Fong, H||Fournier, J-D||Font, JA||Forsyth, PWF||Frasca, S||Frasconi, F||Frei, Z||Freise, A||Frey, R||Fritschel, P||Frolov, VV||Fulda, P||Fyffe, M||Gabbard, HA||Gadre, BU||Gaebel, SM||Gair, JR||Gammaitoni, L||Ganija, MR||Gaonkar, SG||Garcia, A||Garcia-Quiros, C||Garufi, F||Gateley, B||Gaudio, S||Gaur, G||Gayathri, V||Gemme, G||Genin, E||Gennai, A||George, D||George, J||Gergely, L||Germain, V||Ghonge, S||Ghosh, Abhirup||Ghosh, Archisman||Ghosh, S||Giacomazzo, B||Giaime, JA||Giardina, KD||Giazotto, A||Gill, K||Giordano, G||Glover, L||Godwin, P||Goetz, E||Goetz, R||Goncharov, B||Gonzalez, G||Castro, JM Gonzalez||Gopakumar, A||Gorodetsky, ML||Gossan, SE||Gosselin, M||Gouaty, R||Grado, A||Graef, C||Granata, M||Grant, A||Gras, S||Grassia, P||Gray, C||Gray, R||Greco, G||Green, AC||Green, R||Gretarsson, EM||Groot, P||Grote, H||Grunewald, S||Guidi, GM||Gulati, HK||Guo, Y||Gupta, A||Gupta, MK||Gustafson, EK||Gustafson, R||Haegel, L||Halim, O||Hall, BR||Hall, ED||Hamilton, EZ||Hammond, G||Haney, M||Hanke, MM||Hanks, J||Hanna, C||Hannuksela, OA||Hanson, J||Hardwick, T||Haris, K||Harms, J||Harry, GM||Harry, IW||Haster, C-J||Haughian, K||Hayes, FJ||Healy, J||Heidmann, A||Heintze, MC||Heitmann, H||Hemming, G||Hendry, M||Heng, IS||Hennig, J||Heptonstall, AW||Vivanco, Francisco Hernandez||Heurs, M||Hild, S||Hinderer, T||Hoak, D||Hochheim, S||Hofman, D||Holgado, AM||Holland, NA||Holt, K||Hopkins, P||Horst, C||Hough, J||Howell, EJ||Hoy, CG||Hreibi, A||Huerta, EA||Hughey, B||Hulko, M||Husa, S||Huttner, SH||Huynh-Dinh, T||Idzkowski, B||Iess, A||Ingram, C||Inta, R||Intini, G||Irwin, B||Isac, J-M||Isa, HN||Isi, M||Iyer, BR||Izumi, K||Jacqmin, T||Jadhav, SJ||Jani, K||Janthalur, NN||Jaranowski, P||Jenkins, AC||Jiang, J||Johnson, DS||Jones, AW||Jones, DI||Jones, R||Jonker, RJG||Ju, L||Junker, J||Kalaghatgi, CV||Kalogera, V||Kamai, B||Kandhasamy, S||Kang, G||Kanner, JB||Kapadia, SJ||Karki, S||Karvinen, KS||Kashyap, R||Kasprzack, M||Katsanevas, S||Katsavounidis, E||Katzman, W||Kaufer, S||Kawabe, K||Keerthana, NV||Kefelian, F||Keitel, D||Kennedy, R||Key, JS||Khalili, FY||Khan, H||Khan, I||Khan, S||Khan, Z||Khazanov, EA||Khursheed, M||Kijbunchoo, N||Kim, Chunglee||Kim, JC||Kim, K||Kim, Y-M||Kim, W||Kim, WS||Kimball, C||King, EJ||King, PJ||Kinley-Hanlon, M||Kirchhoff, R||Kissel, JS||Kleybolte, L||Klika, JH||Klimenko, S||Knowles, TD||Koch, P||Koehlenbeck, SM||Koekoek, G||Koley, S||Kondrashov, V||Kontos, A||Koper, N||Korobko, M||Korth, WZ||Kowalska, I||Kozak, DB||Kringel, V||Krishnendu, N||Krolak, A||Kuehn, G||Kumar, A||Kumar, P||Kumar, R||Kumar, S||Kuo, L||Kutynia, A||Kwang, S||Lackey, BD||Lai, KH||Lam, TL||Landry, M||Lane, BB||Lang, RN||Lange, J||Lantz, B||Lanza, RK||Lasky, PD||Laxen, M||Lazzarini, A||Lazzaro, C||Leaci, P||Leavey, S||Lecoeuche, YK||Lee, CH||Lee, HK||Lee, HM||Lee, HW||Lee, J||Lee, K||Lehmann, J||Lenon, A||Letendre, N||Levin, Y||Li, J||Li, KJL||Li, TGF||Li, X||Lin, F||Linde, F||Linker, SD||Littenberg, TB||Liu, J||Liu, X||Lo, RKL||Lockerbie, NA||London, LT||Longo, A||Lorenzini, M||Loriette, V||Lormand, M||Losurdo, G||Lough, JD||Lousto, CO||Lovelace, G||Lower, ME||Lueck, H||Lumaca, D||Lundgren, AP||Lynch, R||Ma, Y||Macas, R||Macfoy, S||MacInnis, M||Macleod, DM||Macquet, A||Hernandez, I Magana||Magana-Sandoval, F||Zertuche, L Magana||Magee, RM||Majorana, E||Maksimovic, I||Malik, A||Man, N||Mandic, V||Mangano, V||Mansell, GL||Manske, M||Mantovani, M||Marchesoni, F||Marion, F||Marka, S||Marka, Z||Markakis, C||Markosyan, AS||Markowitz, A||Maros, E||Marquina, A||Marsat, S||Martelli, F||Martin, IW||Martin, RM||Martynov, DV||Mason, K||Massera, E||Masserot, A||Massinger, TJ||Masso-Reid, M||Mastrogiovanni, S||Matas, A||Matichard, F||Matone, L||Mavalvala, N||Mazumder, N||McCann, JJ||McCarthy, R||McClelland, DE||McCormick, S||McCuller, 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Shubhanshu||Tiwari, Srishti||Tiwari, V||Toland, K||Tonelli, M||Tornasi, Z||Torres-Forne, A||Torrie, CI||Toyra, D||Travasso, F||Traylor, G||Tringali, MC||Trovato, A||Trozzo, L||Trudeau, R||Tsang, KW||Tse, M||Tso, R||Tsukada, L||Tsuna, D||Tuyenbayev, D||Ueno, K||Ugolini, D||Unnikrishnan, CS||Urban, AL||Usman, SA||Vahlbruch, H||Vajente, G||Valdes, G||van Bakel, N||van Beuzekom, M||van den Brand, JFJ||van den Broeck, C||Vander-Hyde, DC||van, Heijningen JV||van der Schaaf, L||van Veggel, AA||Vardaro, M||Varma, V||Vass, S||Vasuth, M||Vecchio, A||Vedovato, G||Veitch, J||Veitch, PJ||Venkateswara, K||Venugopalan, G||Verkindt, D||Vetrano, F||Vicere, A||Viets, AD||Vine, DJ||Vinet, J-Y||Vitale, S||Vo, T||Vocca, H||Vorvick, C||Vyatchanin, SP||Wade, AR||Wade, LE||Wade, M||Walet, R||Walker, M||Wallace, L||Walsh, S||Wang, G||Wang, H||Wang, JZ||Wang, WH||Wang, YF||Ward, RL||Warden, ZA||Warner, J||Was, M||Watchi, J||Wei, L-W||Weaver, B||Weinert, M||Weinstein, AJ||Weiss, R||Wellmann, F||Wen, L||Wessel, EK||Wessels, P||Westhouse, JW||Wette, K||Whelan, JT||Whiting, BF||Whittle, C||Wilken, DM||Williams, D||Williamson, AR||Willis, JL||Willke, B||Wimmer, MH||Winkler, W||Wipf, CC||Wittel, H||Woan, G||Woehler, J||Wofford, JK||Worden, J||Wright, JL||Wu, DS||Wysocki, DM||Xiao, L||Yamamoto, H||Yancey, CC||Yang, L||Yap, MJ||Yazback, M||Yeeles, DW||Yu, Hang||Yu, Haocun||Yuen, SHR||Yvert, M||Zadrozny, AK||Zendri, J-P||Zanolin, M||Zelenova, T||Zevin, M||Zhang, J||Zhang, L||Zhang, T||Zhao, C||Zhou, M||Zhou, Z||Zhu, XJ||Zimmerman, A||Zucker, ME||Zweizig, J