Molecular Identification of Onchocerca spp. Larvae in Simulium damnosum sensu lato Collected in Northern Uganda.
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Previous studies have demonstrated that the presence of larvae of other filarial species in Simulium damnosum sensu lato can distort estimates of transmission potential for Onchocerca volvulus in West Africa. However, studies conducted in foci of onchocerciasis in West Central Uganda indicated that larvae other than O. volvulus were not common in vectors collected there. Recent data collected in Northern Uganda revealed a striking discordance between estimates of the prevalence of flies carrying O. volvulus infective larvae obtained from molecular pool screening and dissection methods. To resolve this discrepancy, sequences from three mitochondrially encoded genes were analyzed from the larvae collected by dissection. All larvae analyzed were Onchocerca ochengi v. Siisa, a parasite of cattle, or Onchocerca ramachandrini, a parasite of warthogs. These results suggest that nonhuman parasite larvae are common in vectors in Northern Uganda, underscoring the necessity for molecular identification methods to accurately estimate O. volvulus transmission.
author list (cited authors)
Verocai, G. G., Hassan, H. K., Lakwo, T., Habomugisha, P., Katabarwa, M. N., Begumisa, S., ... Unnasch, T. R.
complete list of authors
Verocai, Guilherme G||Hassan, Hassan K||Lakwo, Thomson||Habomugisha, Peace||Katabarwa, Moses N||Begumisa, Stephen||Clouds, Philbert||Katamanywa, James||Nahabwe, Christine||Unnasch, Thomas R