Retinyl ester hydrolase and the visual cycle in the chicken eye.
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The ability of chicken retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) membrane to hydrolyze vitamin A esters ([9,10(-3)H]all-trans- and 11-cis-retinyl palmitate) was studied. Hydrolytic activity within the retina was optimal at acidic pH of 5.0, whereas in the RPE significant hydrolytic activity was exhibited over a broad range of hydrogen ion concentrations. The highest rate of hydrolysis was associated with the all-trans-isomer and located within retina and RPE membranes [the apparent maximal velocity (Vmax) and Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) were 770 pmol.min.-1.mg-1 and 45 microM and 300 pmol.min-1.mg-1 and 3.6 microM, respectively[. Retinyl ester hydrolase activities for 11-cis-retinyl palmitate in the retina and RPE were correspondingly lower (apparent Vmax of 204 pmol.min.-1.mg-1 and Km of 18.5 microM in the retina; apparent Vmax of 131 pmol.min.-1.mg-1 and Km of 4 microM in the RPE). Together with results from other laboratories, results from the present study suggest that chicken retina contains important enzymes to complete the visual cycle.
author list (cited authors)
Bustamante, J. J., Ziari, S., Ramirez, R. D., & Tsin, A. T.
complete list of authors
Bustamante, JJ||Ziari, S||Ramirez, RD||Tsin, AT