The effect of honeycomb relative density on its effective in-plane elastic moduli: An experimental study Academic Article uri icon


  • Honeycombs are discrete materials at the macro-scale level but their mechanical properties need to be calculated as a continuum material in order to simplify their design in engineering applications. The effective mechanical behavior of hexagonal honeycombs was studied by analytical means and correlated with experimental results for aluminum honeycombs. In particular, the effective in-plane elastic moduli of the honeycombs were studied as a function of their relative density. The effect of the bending, shear and axial deformations on various existing beam models was analyzed for both in-plane honeycomb directions. An experimental program was performed with honeycombs of densities ranging from the commercial low-density ones to the solid construction material. It is shown experimentally that the beam models describe well the material response in the direction of the honeycomb double wall. However, it is concluded that the effective elastic moduli for honeycombs with low relative densities are not similar in the two in-plane directions as predicted by previous studies. 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Balawi, S., & Abot, J. L.

citation count

  • 66

publication date

  • August 2008