Seasonal variations in the initiation of smoking among adolescents. Academic Article uri icon


  • Numerous studies have identified a variety of reasons that youths give for starting smoking. Few efforts have been made, however, to identify seasonal variations in initiation. This study was an attempt to fill that void. We examined data from 342 youths participating in a mandated smoking education and cessation program in Texas. Data were collected based on responses to questions in participant workbooks, including an item asking participants about the month in which they started smoking. A total of 47% of the participants indicated that they started smoking in May through August (chi2 = 91.42, df = 3). Post-hoc analyses indicated that significantly more youths than expected began smoking in May and June, whereas significantly fewer youths than expected began smoking in September and November. Unsupervised time out of school during the first months of summer vacation is a period of increased danger for smoking initiation. The significantly lower rates during September seem to be related to the beginning of school.

published proceedings

  • Nicotine Tob Res

author list (cited authors)

  • Colwell, B., Ramirez, N., Koehly, L., Stevens, S., Smith, D. W., & Creekmur, S

citation count

  • 11

complete list of authors

  • Colwell, Brian||Ramirez, Nicolas||Koehly, Laura||Stevens, Stacey||Smith, Dennis W||Creekmur, Shannon

publication date

  • April 2006