The Hubble Space Telescope Extragalactic Distance Scale Key Project .7. The discovery of Cepheids in the Leo I group galaxy NGC 3351
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We report of the discovery and properties of Cepheid variable stars in the barred spiral galaxy NGC 3351 which is a member of the Leo I group of galaxies. NGC 3351 is one of 18 galaxies being observed as part of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Key Project on the Extragalactic Distance Scale which aims to determine the Hubble constant to 10% accuracy. Our analysis is based on observations made with the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 during 1994 and early 1995. The Leo I group contains several bright galaxies of diverse types and is very suitable for linking together a number of secondary calibrators which can be employed at much greater distances than the Cepheid variables. We identify 49 probable Cepheids within NGC 3351 in the period range 10-43 days which have been observed at 12 epochs with the F555W filter and 4 epochs using the F814W filter. The HST F555W and F814W data have been transformed to the Johnson V and Cousins I magnitude systems, respectively. Photometry has principally been carried out using the DAOPHOT/ALLFRAME package. Reference is made to parallel measurements being made with the DoPHOT package. Apparent period-luminosity functions for V and I have been constructed assuming values of 0 = 18.50 0.10 mag and E(B - V) = 0.10 mag for the distance modulus and reddening of the Large Magellanic Cloud. A true distance modulus of 30.01 0.19 mag is derived corresponding to a distance of 10.05 0.88 Mpc with a reddening E(V - I) = 0.15 mag. A comparison is made with distances estimated for other galaxies in the Leo I group using various distance indicators. There is good agreement with the surface brightness fluctuation and planetary nebula luminosity function methods as calibrated by the Cepheids in M31. 1997. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.