Biomimetic SERS substrate: peptide recognition elements for highly selective chemical detection in chemically complex media
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Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is rapidly emerging as a sensitive transduction platform for the trace detection of chemical and biological analytes. A critical challenge that needs to be addressed to propel this technique into real world applications is the poor chemical selectivity of the existing SERS substrates. In this communication, we demonstrate a novel biomimetic approach to enhance the selectivity of plasmonic nanostructures to target chemical analytes. In particular, we demonstrate that material-binding peptides, identified through phage-display, serve as recognition elements for selective capture of target chemical species from a complex chemical mixture. As a proof of concept, we show that a nitroaromatic explosive molecule, trinitrotoluene (TNT), can be detected down to 100 pM concentration even in a complex organic chemical mixture. This ultrasensitive and selective detection is enabled by TNT-binding peptides appended to gold nanorods, which serve as selective SERS media. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a biomimetic SERS substrate facilitating selective and sensitive detection of a target chemical analyte in the presence of numerous unknown interfering species. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
author list (cited authors)
Nergiz, S. Z., Gandra, N., Farrell, M. E., Tian, L., Pellegrino, P. M., & Singamaneni, S.