On-line prediction of ferrous ion concentration in goethite process based on self-adjusting structure RBF neural network.
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Outlet ferrous ion concentration is an essential indicator to manipulate the goethite process in the zinc hydrometallurgy plant. However, it cannot be measured on-line, which leads to the delay of this feedback information. In this study, a self-adjusting structure radial basis function neural network (SAS-RBFNN) is developed to predict the outlet ferrous ion concentration on-line. First, a supervised cluster algorithm is proposed to initialize the RBFNN. Then, the network structure is adjusted by the developed self-adjusting structure mechanism. This mechanism can merge or divide the hidden neurons according to the distance of the clusters to achieve the adaptability of the RBFNN. Finally, the connection weights are determined by the gradient-based algorithm. The convergence of the SAS-RBFNN is analyzed by the Lyapunov criterion. A simulation for a benchmark problem shows the effectiveness of the proposed network. The SAS-RBFNN is then applied to predict the outlet ferrous ion concentration in the goethite process. The results demonstrate that this network can provide a more accurate prediction than the mathematical model, even under the fluctuating production condition.