Comparison of Cubic-Plus-Association and Soave-Redlich-Kwong equations of state for prediction of vapor-liquid equilibrium of Fischer-Tropsch reaction mixture Academic Article uri icon


  • Predictions of vapor liquid equilibrium for Fischer-Tropsch mixtures were compared using the classical Soave-Redlich-Kwong (SRK) and cubic-plus-association (CPA) equations of state. The performance of the two equations of state was evaluated based on comparison with results from eight sets of experimental runs in which different process conditions (pressure, reactants feed ratio, space velocity) were used. Flash calculations were used to determine the phase split at defined process conditions, whereas the phase equilibrium was defined utilizing the concept of equal fugacities in the vapor and the liquid phase for all components. A total of 75 components were considered in the reaction mixture: CO, H2, H2O, CO2, C1-C57 paraffins and C2-C15 olefins. All calculations were performed in MATLAB. The results showed that both equations of state had similar performance regarding the hydrocarbons, whereas CPA gave better results with inorganic components and SRK with prediction of the composition of the liquid phase. Computational time for CPA was substantially (100 times with the CPU used) higher than that for SRK. Overall, the use of CPA did not improve VLE prediction for FTS systems significantly enough to be recommended for use in FTS reactor models.

published proceedings

  • Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly

author list (cited authors)

  • Zivanic, L., Stamenic, M., Todic, B., Bukur, D., & Nikacevic, N.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Zivanic, Ljiljana||Stamenic, Marko||Todic, Branislav||Bukur, Dragomir||Nikacevic, Nikola

publication date

  • January 2019