Developing Emergent Codes for the Classroom Observation Protocol for Undergraduate STEM (COPUS) Conference Paper uri icon


  • 2018 IEEE. This Research Work-in-progress paper presents a project that intends to increase student engagement, retention, and success through the implementation of a faculty development program focused on implicit bias and active learning. To assess the extent to which the program resulted in transformative changes in instructor teaching, the project team conducted classroom observations using minute-by-minute environmental scans and the Classroom Observation Protocol for Undergraduate STEM (COPUS). The project team found that the COPUS could not capture all the behaviors that needed to be observed to assess the faculty development project. Thus, 12 emergent COPUS codes were developed to code the required behaviors. Each code is defined, examples are provided, and excerpts of classroom observations with and without the emergent COPUS codes are examined. The project team thinks the emergent COPUS codes, generally focused on faculty behaviors related to classroom climate, will be useful in other classroom observation projects.

name of conference

  • 2018 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Liu, S., Lang, C. K., Merrill, B. A., Leos, A., Harlan, K. N., Sandoval, C. L., Bergman, M. E., & Froyd, J. E.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Liu, Sin-Ning Cindy||Lang, Cynthia K||Merrill, Brooke A||Leos, Adrian||Harlan, Kaitlin N||Sandoval, Carolyn L||Bergman, Mindy E||Froyd, Jeffrey E

publication date

  • January 2018