Improving wind farm power output through deactivating selected wind turbines Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2019 Elsevier Ltd Wind energy is becoming the fastest growing and most inexpensive renewable source, even surpassed natural gas. The environmental advantages coupled with the significant financial benefits have created a positive prognosis for wind energy continuously growing. However, the complexity and limited availability of wind resources create challenges that need to be addressed in order to continue improving wind energy harvesting. This paper developed a new concept to modify wind farm's layout by deactivating selected wind turbines to maximize its total power output under different wind conditions. Different wind conditions create different wake effects, while most wind farms cannot change their layouts to cope with the changing wind conditions. Through deactivating selected wind turbines to effectively reduce or eliminate some turbulent wakes, it is possible to improve a wind farm's total power output by creating a net gain for the entire wind farm. A new method was developed to identify the best combinations of deactivated wind turbines under different wind conditions to achieve maximum power output. Several case studies with real wind farms and real wind conditions were conducted together with sensitivity analysis. The promising results demonstrated the effectiveness of the new method and the new concept, named layout optimization through selective deactivation. Several factors were identified as influencing factors on the effectiveness of the new concept.

author list (cited authors)

  • Haces-Fernandez, F., Li, H., & Ramirez, D.

publication date

  • January 1, 2019 11:11 AM