Obstacle problems generated by the estimates of square function Academic Article uri icon


  • In this note we give the formula for the Bellman function associated with the problem considered by B. Davis in cite{Davis} in 1976. In this article the estimates of the type $|Sf|_p le C_p |f|_p$, $pge 2$, were considered for the dyadic square function operator $S$, and Davis found the sharp values of constants $C_p$. However, along with the sharp constants one can consider a more subtle characteristic of the above estimate. This quantity is called the Bellman function of the problem, and it seems to us that it was never proved that the confluent hypergeometric function from Davis' paper (second page) basically gives this Bellman function. Here we fill out this gap by finding the exact Bellman function of the unweighted $L^p$ estimate for operator $S$. We cast the proofs in the language of obstacle problems. For the sake of comparison, we also find the Bellman function of weak $(1,1)$ estimate of $S$. This formula was suggested by Bollobas cite{Bollobas} and proved by Osekowski cite{Os2009}, so it is not new, but we like to emphasize the common approach to those two Bellman functions descriptions.

author list (cited authors)

  • Holmes, I., & Volberg, A.

publication date

  • January 1, 2018 11:11 AM