Edge Roman Domination on Graphs Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • © 2016, Springer Japan. An edge Roman dominating function of a graph G is a function f: E(G) → { 0 , 1 , 2 } satisfying the condition that every edge e with f(e) = 0 is adjacent to some edge e′ with f(e′) = 2. The edge Roman domination number of G, denoted by γR′(G), is the minimum weight w(f) = ∑ e∈E(G)f(e) of an edge Roman dominating function f of G. This paper disproves a conjecture of Akbari, Ehsani, Ghajar, Jalaly Khalilabadi and Sadeghian Sadeghabad stating that if G is a graph of maximum degree Δ on n vertices, then γR′(G)≤⌈ΔΔ+1n⌉. While the counterexamples having the edge Roman domination numbers 2Δ-22Δ-1n, we prove that 2Δ-22Δ-1n+22Δ-1 is an upper bound for connected graphs. Furthermore, we provide an upper bound for the edge Roman domination number of k-degenerate graphs, which generalizes results of Akbari, Ehsani, Ghajar, Jalaly Khalilabadi and Sadeghian Sadeghabad. We also prove a sharp upper bound for subcubic graphs. In addition, we prove that the edge Roman domination numbers of planar graphs on n vertices is at most 67n, which confirms a conjecture of Akbari and Qajar. We also show an upper bound for graphs of girth at least five that is 2-cell embeddable in surfaces of small genus. Finally, we prove an upper bound for graphs that do not contain K2 , 3 as a subdivision, which generalizes a result of Akbari and Qajar on outerplanar graphs.

author list (cited authors)

  • Chang, G. J., Chen, S., & Liu, C.

citation count

  • 6

publication date

  • March 2016