Diabetes-related hospital mortality in the U.S.: A pooled cross-sectional study of the National Inpatient Sample. Academic Article uri icon


  • AIMS: Despite advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes in the U.S., place-based disparities still exist. The purpose of this study is to determine place-based and other individual-level variations in diabetes-related hospital deaths. METHODS: A pooled cross-sectional study of the 2009-2015 National Inpatient Sample was conducted to examine the odds of a diabetes-related hospital death. The main predictors were rurality and census region. Individual-level socio-demographic factors were also examined. RESULTS: Approximately 1.5% (n = 147,069) of diabetes-related hospitalizations resulted in death. In multivariable analysis, the odds of diabetes-related hospital deaths increased across the urban-rural continuum, except for large fringe metropolitan areas, with the highest odds of such deaths occurring among residents of micropolitan (OR = 1.16, 95% C.I. = 1.14, 1.18) and noncore areas (OR = 1.21, 95% C.I. = 1.19, 1.24). Compared to residents of the Northeast, residents in the South, West and Midwest regions were significantly more likely to experience a diabetes-related hospital death. Asian or Pacific Islanders, Medicaid-covered patients and the uninsured were also more likely to die during a diabetes-related hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: Place-based disparities in diabetes-related hospital deaths exist. Targeted focus should be placed on the control of diabetic complications in the South, West and Midwest census regions, and among rural residents.

published proceedings

  • J Diabetes Complications

altmetric score

  • 8

author list (cited authors)

  • Ferdinand, A. O., Akinlotan, M. A., Callaghan, T., Towne, S. D., & Bolin, J.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Ferdinand, Alva O||Akinlotan, Marvellous A||Callaghan, Timothy||Towne, Samuel D||Bolin, Jane

publication date

  • May 2019