Serum Cobalamin and Folate Concentrations in Common Marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) with Chronic Lymphocytic Enteritis.
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Serum cobalamin and folate concentrations can serve as surrogate markers of gastrointestinal disease in dogs and cats, where they can have diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic implications. Chronic disease of the gastrointestinal tract, particularly chronic lymphocytic enteritis (CLE), occurs frequently in captive common marmosets. The aims of this study were to validate a commercially available assay for measuring serum cobalamin and folate concentrations in common marmosets, to establish reference intervals for these analytes in healthy marmosets, and to measure serum concentrations in common marmosets with CLE. The commercial assay was linear, accurate, precise, and reproducible for the measurement of serum cobalamin and folate concentrations in common marmosets. In healthy marmosets, the serum cobalamin concentration ranged from 322 to 2642 pg/mL (n = 35) and serum folate concentration from 54.8 to 786.4 ng/mL (n = 37). Low serum folate concentrations were moderately sensitive (greater than 70%) for CLE, and low serum cobalamin concentrations were moderately (greater than 70%) specific for CLE. Both serum cobalamin and folate concentrations were relatively unchanged in marmosets during 120 to 220 d. Serum cobalamin and folate concentrations were stable for approximately 7 y when samples were stored at -80 C. Additional studies are warranted to further study the clinical implications of low serum cobalamin and folate concentrations in common marmosets.