Anomalous Intensities in the 2+1 REMPI Spectrum of the E 1-X 1+ Transition of CO.
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We report on one-color experiments near 214 nm involving the photodissociation of jet-cooled OCS to produce high rotational states (40 < J < 80) of CO (X 1+, v = 0, 1) which were then ionized by 2+1 resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization via the E 1 state. The nominally forbidden Q-branch of the two-photon E 1-X 1+ transition is observed with intensity comparable to the allowed R-branch. The bright character of the high- J Q-branch lines can be described quantitatively as intensity borrowing due to mixing of the E 1 and C 1+ states, using J-dependent mixing coefficients extrapolated from the observed -doubling in the lower rotational levels of the E state. In addition to the significant enhancement of Q-branch intensities above the values predicted by conventional two-photon line strengths for a 1-1+ transition, the high- J lines of the R- and P-branches appear to be suppressed in intensity by approximately a factor of 3 compared to the unperturbed low- J line strengths, most likely due to perturbations associated with a 1- state. The E-state rotational term values for J < 80, v = 0 derived from the present spectra agree within our measurement and calibration uncertainties with the extrapolations based on the molecular constants previously derived from rotational levels with J < 50. The E-X transition is attractive for future application to photodissociation dynamics and rotational polarization measurements of CO photofragments, with convenient access to state-selective probing on multiple rotational branches, which exhibit different sensitivity to fragment alignment.