Atomic-Level Understanding of "Asymmetric Twins" in Boron Carbide. Academic Article uri icon


  • Recent observations of planar defects in boron carbide have been shown to deviate from perfect mirror symmetry and are referred to as "asymmetric twins." Here, we demonstrate that these asymmetric twins are really phase boundaries that form in stoichiometric B(4)C (i.e., B(12)C(3)) but not in B(13)C(2). TEM observations and ab initio simulations have been coupled to show that these planar defects result from an interplay of stoichiometry, atomic positioning, icosahedral twinning, and structural hierarchy. The composition of icosahedra in B(4)C is B(11)C and translation of the carbon atom from a polar to equatorial site leads to a shift in bonding and a slight distortion of the lattice. No such distortion is observed in boron-rich B(13)C(2) because the icosahedra do not contain carbon. Implications for tailoring boron carbide with stoichiometry and extrapolations to other hierarchical crystalline materials are discussed.

published proceedings

  • Phys Rev Lett

altmetric score

  • 1.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Xie, K. Y., An, Q. i., Toksoy, M. F., McCauley, J. W., Haber, R. A., Goddard, W. A., & Hemker, K. J.

citation count

  • 46

complete list of authors

  • Xie, Kelvin Y||An, Qi||Toksoy, M Fatih||McCauley, James W||Haber, Richard A||Goddard, William A||Hemker, Kevin J

publication date

  • October 2015