n393535SE Academic Article uri icon


  • 2019 Elsevier Ltd Four different empirical models used to describe the one-dimensional normal compression behavior of mudrocks have been evaluated by investigating the behavior of 15 different resedimented mudrocks. These mudrocks originate from a wide variety of geologic origins and were tested in the laboratory over an effective stress range of 0.1100 MPa. The normal compression of silt-rich, low liquid limit mudrocks is best described by assuming a log-linear relationship between vertical effective stress, v and void ratio. For smectite-rich, higher liquid limit mudrocks their behavior is better described by assuming a log-linear relationship between v and porosity. The assumption of a log-log relationship between (1 + void ratio) and v is not the most appropriate for any particular mudrock type, but gives a reasonably good description of compression behavior for all mudrocks, and is therefore ideal for situations in which the general composition of a sediment is unknown. For all mudrocks, the assumption of an exponential relationship between porosity and v gives a very poor fit to the experimental data. As mudrocks undergo compression to high effective stresses, high liquid limit mudrocks display a much greater compressibility and a corresponding larger loss in porosity compared to more silt-rich mudrocks. The porosities of all materials tend to converge into a much narrower range above about 10 MPa, where all mudrocks display a similar compression behavior and a constant value of compression index of 0.21 regardless of their composition. At low effective stresses though, their compression behavior is strongly controlled by composition.

published proceedings

  • Marine and Petroleum Geology

author list (cited authors)

  • Casey, B., Reece, J. S., & Germaine, J. T.

publication date

  • January 1, 2019 11:11 AM