Categorizing a continuous predictor subject to measurement error.
Additional Document Info
Epidemiologists often categorize a continuous risk predictor, even when the true risk model is not a categorical one. Nonetheless, such categorization is thought to be more robust and interpretable, and thus their goal is to fit the categorical model and interpret the categorical parameters. We address the question: with measurement error and categorization, how can we do what epidemiologists want, namely to estimate the parameters of the categorical model that would have been estimated if the true predictor was observed? We develop a general methodology for such an analysis, and illustrate it in linear and logistic regression. Simulation studies are presented and the methodology is applied to a nutrition data set. Discussion of alternative approaches is also included.