Active Site-Directed Tandem Catalysis on Single Platinum Nanoparticles for Efficient and Stable Oxidation of Formaldehyde at Room Temperature. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The application of tandem catalysis is rarely investigated in degrading organic pollutants in the environment. Herein, a tandem catalyst on single platinum (Pt) nanoparticles (Pt0 NPs) is prepared for the sequential degradation of formaldehyde (HCHO) to carbon dioxide gas [CO2(g)] at room temperature. The synthesis approach includes coating of uniform Pt NPs on SrBi2Ta2O9 platelets using a photoreduction process, followed by calcination of the sample in the atmosphere to tune partial transformation of Pt0 atoms to Pt2+ ions in the tandem catalyst. The conversion of HCHO to CO2(g) is monitored by in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, which shows first conversion of HCHO to CO32- ions onto Pt0 active sites and subsequently the conversion of CO32- ions to CO2(g) by neighboring Pt2+ species of the catalyst. The later process with Pt2+ species does not allow CO32- poisoning of the catalyst. The enhanced activity of the prepared tandem catalyst to oxidize HCHO is maintained continuously for 680 min. Comparatively, the catalyst without Pt2+ shows activity for only 40 min. Additionally, the tandem catalyst presented herein performs better than the Pt/titanium dioxide (TiO2) catalyst to degrade HCHO. Overall, the tandem catalyst may be applied to degrade organic pollutants efficiently.

author list (cited authors)

  • Huang, M., Li, Y., Li, M., Zhao, J., Zhu, Y., Wang, C., & Sharma, V. K.

citation count

  • 10

publication date

  • March 2019