Robust Multiplicative Audio and Speech Watermarking Using Statistical Modeling Conference Paper uri icon


  • In this paper, a semi-blind multiplicative watermarking approach for audio and speech signals has been presented. At the receiver end, the optimal Maximum Likelihood (ML) detector aided by the channel side information for Gaussian and Laplacian signals in noisy environment is designed and implemented. The performance of the proposed scheme is analytically calculated and verified by simulation. Then, we adapt the proposed scheme to speech and audio signals. To improve robustness, the algorithm is applied to low frequency components of the host signal. Besides, the power of the watermark is controlled elegantly to have inaudibility using Perceptual Evaluation of Audio Quality (PEAQ) and Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality (PESQ) algorithms. Experimental results over several audio and speech signals show the higher robustness of the proposed technique in comparison with a recent watermarking scheme. 2009 IEEE.

name of conference

  • 2009 IEEE International Conference on Communications

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Akhaee, M. A., Kalantari, N. K., & Marvasti, F.

citation count

  • 6

complete list of authors

  • Akhaee, Mohammad Ali||Kalantari, Nima Khademi||Marvasti, Farokh

publication date

  • January 2009