On quantifying damage severity in composite materials by an ultrasonic method
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© 2019 This work reports a study aimed at quantifying damage severity in composite materials by an in-field inspection technique known as Acousto-Ultrasonics (AU) where Lamb waves are transmitted through a damage zone by exciting a pulse onto the composite surface and capturing the received waves after their interactions with the damage. It builds on a previous study that proposed as quantitative descriptors of the received signal a set of stress wave factors (SWFs) extracted from the power spectral density (PSD) distribution of the AU signal. The SWFs were previously shown to detect the spatial extent of impact damage, but the severity of the damage within the impact damage zone was not quantified. The present study takes a step in the direction to achieve that goal. Lamb waves are transmitted through a cross ply laminate in which transverse ply cracks of increasing density (number of cracks per unit axial length) are induced. The PSD distribution is first analyzed for the case of an undamaged laminate and then the SWFs are correlated with the crack density. The implications of the correlations obtained and the future prospects of quantifying the damage severity by such correlations are discussed.
author list (cited authors)
Pillarisetti, L., & Talreja, R.