Melamine-based covalent organic framework-incorporated thin film nanocomposite membrane for enhanced osmotic power generation
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© 2019 A melamine-based covalent organic framework (COF) nanomaterial, Schiff base network-1 (SNW-1), was incorporated into the polyamide layer of a novel thin film nanocomposite (TFN) pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) membrane. The deposition of SNW-1 was made on an open mesh fabric-reinforced polyamide-imide (PAI) support substrate through interfacial polymerization (IP). SNW-1 loading influence on the water permeability and osmotic power density during PRO operation was investigated. The porous and highly hydrophilic SNW-1 nanomaterial facilitated the flow of water molecules across the membranes, while maintaining satisfactory salt rejection ability of the polyamide selective layer. The membranes exhibited significantly enhanced surface hydrophilicity, water permeability, and power density. The mode of incorporation of SNW-1 during IP was also investigated and it was observed that the secondary amine groups of SNW-1 react with the carbonyl groups of 1,3,5-benzenetricarbonyl trichloride, the acyl halide precursor in polyamide formation; thus, SNW-1 was incorporated through the amine precursor, 1,3-phenylenediamine. Testing with 1.0 M NaCl as the draw solution, the TFN membrane with a loading of 0.02 wt% SNW-1 exhibited the highest water flux of 42.5 Lm−2 h−1 and power density of 12.1 Wm−2, while withstanding hydraulic pressure over 24 bar. This study suggests that COF-incorporation can be a promising method in PRO membrane fabrication to improve both osmotic performance and energy harvesting capability for the PRO process.
author list (cited authors)
Gonzales, R. R., Park, M. J., Bae, T., Yang, Y., Abdel-Wahab, A., Phuntsho, S., & Shon, H. K.