Uncertainty analysis of microsegregation during laser powder bed fusion
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© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd. Quality control in additive manufacturing can be achieved through variation control of the quantity of interest (QoI). We choose in this work the microstructural microsegregation to be our QoI. Microsegregation results from the spatial redistribution of a solute element across the solid-liquid interface that forms during solidification of an alloy melt pool during the laser powder bed fusion process. Since the process as well as the alloy parameters contribute to the statistical variation in microstructural features, uncertainty analysis of the QoI is essential. High-throughput phase-field simulations estimate the solid-liquid interfaces that grow for the melt pool solidification conditions that were estimated from finite element simulations. Microsegregation was determined from the simulated interfaces for different process and alloy parameters. Correlation, regression, and surrogate model analyses were used to quantify the contribution of different sources of uncertainty to the QoI variability. We found negligible contributions of thermal gradient and Gibbs-Thomson coefficient and considerable contributions of solidification velocity, liquid diffusivity, and segregation coefficient on the QoI. Cumulative distribution functions and probability density functions were used to analyze the distribution of the QoI during solidification. Our approach, for the first time, identifies the uncertainty sources and frequency densities of the QoI in the solidification regime relevant to additive manufacturing.
author list (cited authors)
Ghosh, S., Mahmoudi, M., Johnson, L., Elwany, A., Arroyave, R., & Allaire, D.