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Generation of insects' biomass from lignocellulose rich organic wastes is of significant challenges in reducing the environmental impact of wastes and in sustaining feed and food security. This research looked at the effects of lignocellulotic exogenous bacteria in the black soldier fly (BSF) organic waste conversion system for biomass production and lignocellulose biodegradation of dairy and chicken manures. Six exogenous bacteria were investigated for cellulolytic activity with carboxymethyl cellulose and found that these tested bacterial strains degrade the cellulose. In this study; a co-conversion process using Hermetia illucens larvae to convert the previously studied best mixing ratio of dairy manure (DM) and chicken manure (CHM) (2:3) and cellulose degrading bacteria was established to enhance the larval biomass production, waste reduction and manure nutrient degradation. BSF larvae assisted by MRO2 (R5) has the best outcome measures: survival rate (99.1%), development time (19.0d), manure reduction rate (48.7%), bioconversion rate (10.8%), food conversion ratio (4.5), efficiency of conversion of ingestion (22.3), cellulose (72.9%), hemicellulose (68.5%), lignin (32.8%), and nutrient utilization (protein, 71.2% and fat, 67.8%). By analyzing the fiber structural changes by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), we assume that exogenous bacteria assist the BSF larvae that trigger lead to structural and chemical modification of fibers. We hypothesized that these surface and textural changes are beneficial to the associated gut bacteria, thereby helping to larval growth and reduce waste. The finding of the investigation showed that enhanced conversion of DM and CHM by BSF larvae assisted with lignocellulotic exogenous bacteria could play key role in the manure management.
author list (cited authors)
Rehman, K. U., Ur Rehman, R., Somroo, A. A., Cai, M., Zheng, L., Xiao, X., ... Zhang, J.